Receding gums, also known as gingival recession, is a condition in which the gums pull away from the teeth, exposing the roots. This can happen for a number of reasons.
Receding Gums: What Are The Causes?
Here are some of the most common causes of receding gums:
- Poor oral hygiene: If you don’t brush and floss your teeth regularly, plaque can build up on your teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that can irritate your gums and cause them to recede.
- Gingivitis: Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that is caused by plaque buildup. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss.
- Periodontitis: Periodontitis is a more serious form of gum disease that is caused by the buildup of plaque and tartar below the gum line. Tartar is a hard substance that cannot be removed by brushing or flossing. Periodontitis can cause the gums to recede, the bones that support the teeth to break down, and the teeth to become loose. If periodontitis is not treated, it can lead to tooth loss.
- Bruxism: Bruxism is a condition in which you grind or clench your teeth. This can put pressure on the gums and cause them to recede.
- Crooked teeth: If your teeth are crooked, they may put pressure on the gums and cause them to recede.
- Trauma: If you injure your gums, they may recede.
- Medications: Some medications, such as blood thinners and chemotherapy drugs, can cause gum recession.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause, can cause gum recession.
- Genetics: Some people are more likely to develop gum recession than others.
Receding Gum Symptoms
If you have receding gums, you may experience some of the following symptoms:
- Bleeding gums: This is the most common symptom of gum recession.
- Red, swollen gums: The gums may become red, swollen, and tender.
- Gum recession: The gums may pull away from the teeth, exposing the roots.
- Loose teeth: The teeth may become loose as the gums recede.
- Bad breath: The gums may produce a bad odor.
- Pain or sensitivity in the gums: The gums may become painful or sensitive, especially when brushing or flossing.
How To Find Out If I Have A Gum Disease?
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see a dentist right away. Receding gums can lead to a number of problems, including tooth loss.
Here are some ways to know if you have receding gums:
- Look at your gums: If your gums are pulled away from your teeth, you may have receding gums.
- Feel your gums: If your gums are tender or painful, you may have receding gums.
- Bleeding gums: If your gums bleed when you brush or floss, you may have receding gums.
- Loose teeth: If your teeth feel loose, you may have receding gums.
- Bad breath: If you have bad breath that doesn’t go away, you may have receding gums.
If you think you may have receding gums, it is important to see a dentist right away. They can diagnose the problem and recommend treatment options.
If you have severe gum recession, you may need to have surgery to repair the damage. There are a number of different types of gum surgery, and your dentist will recommend the best option for you.